Monkeys missing the gene SHANK3 have too few neurons in the prefrontal cortex, a brain region involved in planning and social behavior.
Sex education in schools needs to be adapted for teens on the spectrum so they can approach relationships in a way that is safe, confident and healthy.
Mice missing FMR1, the gene mutated in fragile X syndrome, have an atypical brain response to meeting an unfamiliar mouse.
Music therapy proves ineffective for autism, brain structures differ with 16p11.2 duplications and deletions, and mice missing NLGN3 may influence the sociability of their littermates.
Researchers have debuted two mouse models of autism made using the gene-editing tool CRISPR. Both strains lack one copy of CHD8, a gene with strong ties to autism.
People with autism aren’t easily surprised, the social camouflage some girls and women with autism use may preclude diagnosis, and autism-related genes are rooted deep in human ancestry.
Turning on a set of neurons that dampen brain activity improves social behavior in a mouse model of autism; turning off neurons that excite brain activity does the same thing.
Mice with an extra copy of UBE3A, a gene linked to autism, have learning problems and anxiety, and are prone to seizures and fine-motor problems.
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